Peter and Paul Fortress. St. Petersburg, Russia

One of the main sights of St. Petersburg city is famous and legendary Peter and Paul Fortress, located in the old St. Petersburg. It was constructed in 1703 and built to Domenico Trezzini’s designs from 1706 to 1740. It is situated on an island in the Neva.

It was built as a fort with the object of maintenance of the city against the Swedes. However, it was never used for that in a way it was planned. Instead, it was a prison (housing, among others, Dostoyevsky, who underwent a “mock execution” there), a garrison, and it also had the famous Peter and Paul cathedral, which is the burial place of all Russian tsars from Peter the Great to Nicholas II. Nicholas was the last tsar in the country. In the end of his court he and all his family were shot dead by the Bolsheviks in 1918.

Peter and Paul Fortress. St. Petersburg, Russia.
Peter and Paul Fortress in early spring, St. Petersburg, Russia
Peter and Paul Fortress is situated on an island in the Neva

As a historical place, it has had an extensive, strongly diversified, and sometimes obscure history heritage , which is mainly based on military events. It also serves as a home of government departments and the burial place of the Russian Imperial family, the area of prominent scientific research, and a forbidding jail where of Russia’s most prominent political prisoners were held.

Peter and Paul Fortress. St. Petersburg, Russia. The Russian Federation, St. Petersburg, a top view of the city at night, and the Peter and Paul Fortress.
The Russian Federation, St. Petersburg, a top view of the city at night, and the Peter and Paul Fortress.

Nowadays, the Peter and Paul Fortress is mostly represented by the St. Petersburg Museum of History, with multiple permanent and temporary expositions mentioning the diverse of the compound’s past. While the central visitor attraction is undoubtedly the Ss. Peter and Paul Cathedral, one of St. Petersburg’s most striking buildings, there is plenty within the walls of the fortress to keep children and adults occupied for a full day at least.

Peter and Paul Fortress, St. Petersburg, Russia. Focus on the cathedral
Peter and Paul Fortress, St. Petersburg, Russia. Focus on the cathedral

The Peter and Paul Fortress is also the center of a number of St. Petersburg city practice: the quotidian firing of the cannon from the Naryshkin Bastion at noon and the “walruses” who tend to sunbathe and swim in ice-holes in the winter. In the summer, the beach is a used by many citizens as a picnic site, and here many events are usually held. Among them, there are some different festivals, performances, market-place theaters, concerts, ethnic dances and other activities including the important Petrojazz annual festival.

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