Irkutsk

Irkutsk is a city located in Russia, it is also the administrative center of Irkutsk Oblast, and one of the greatest Siberian cities. The city mainly lies on the Angara River, which traces a course through Russia’s Irkutsk Oblast and Krasnoyarsk Krai. It is by right truly admitted the capital of the Eastern Siberia.

Irkutsk is located at scarcely the very center of Asia (52’17” North 104’16’ East). It is situated on the almost the same latitude with Orenburg, Saratov Voronezh, Warsaw and Berlin. It is located in 5042 kilometers and five time zones from Moscow, and eight time zones from Greenwich.

Irkutsk was founded in 1661 as a residence for those who did gold and furs trading. It was connected to Europe via a road constructed in 1760.

Irkutsk

Irkutsk is one of the greatest Siberian cities and by right truly admitted capital of the Eastern Siberia. Irkutsk is located at scarcely the very center of Asia (52’17” North 104’16’ East). It is situated on the almost the same latitude with Orenburg, Saratov Voronezh, Warsaw and Berlin. It is located in 5042 kilometers and five time zones from Moscow, and eight time zones from Greenwich.

Irkutsk was founded in 1661

It is no secret that after the Decemberist Revolt took place in 1825, many Russian artists, officers, and nobles were sent into exile to Siberia. All these people were in opposition to the power of Tsar Nicholas I. The amount of people sent to Siberia was so large that in the late 1800s, 30% of the population of the city were exiled. Subsequently, Irkutsk city appeared to be the main place for the cultural and social activity for these exiles. That’s why the history of Irkutsk and its primary cultural heritage appeared as a result of the exiles efforts.

Today we can see numerous wooden houses, decorated with ornate, hand-carved adornments. They still exist and represent the historical inheritance, which contrasts with the surrounding Soviet apartment blocks. In 1900, the city was named “Paris of Siberia” due to its broad streets and ornate, European architecture and unique atmosphere. But if you come in Irkutsk today, you will find no resemblance with the capital of France.

Irkutsk. 130 quarter

Irkuts was named “Paris of Siberia” in 1900

Today we can see numerous wooden houses, decorated with ornate, hand-carved adornments. They still exist and represent the historical inheritance, which contrasts with the surrounding Soviet apartment blocks. In 1900, the city was named “Paris of Siberia” due to its broad streets and ornate, European architecture and special atmosphere. But if you come in Irkutsk today, you will find no resemblance with the capital of France.

Irkutsk

After the Bolshevik Revolution, there was a civil war in 1917-1922. That was a time when Irkutsk turned on the area of multiple fierce, murderous military conflicts between the “Whites” and the “Reds” (Bolsheviks). A number of city landmarks remain from that era. In 1920, Kolchak, the commander of the largest contingent of anti-Bolshevik forces, was executed in Irkutsk, destroying the anti-Bolshevik resistance.

Nowadays, Irkutsk is the 6th largest city in Siberia. Its population is about 600,000 people. It’s famous all over the Russia for its Universities, Russian Academy of Sciences and mainly for its proximity to Lake Baikal.

To Visit Irkutsk,
Book “Imperial Russia” Tour