Montenegro

Montenegro is certainly one of the most interesting places in the world and one of TOP WORLD TOURIST destination (according by Lonely Planet, …).

Even though it covers solely around 14.000 km2 and it only has about 670.000 citizens, its contribution to the world cultural heritage is impressive comparing its size.

During centuries of its rich history Montenegro has survived and remained one of the brightest models for the fight for freedom, for its own existence, and a place of which people always spoke with respect. Christian, Muslim, Illyrian, Byzantine, Turkish, and Slav civilizations merged here making Montenegro forever a crossroad of culture and history.

Montenegro has changed its name many times, from the Latin era under the mane of Prevalis, to the medieval state Zeta, and then to the modern name Crna Gora (MONTENEGRO). As the name changed, so did the land, thanks to the influence of all the civilizations which for a shorter or longer period settled the territory of Montenegro, turning it into a mosaic of cultural heritage. Even today, Montenegors mosaic of cultural heritage is its most valuable aspect.

Some will say that its name, Crna Gora (MONTENEGRO), was brought by the seamen for whom from the open sea seemed cragged and dark, because immediately above the warm shores rose mountains and crags intersected with gorges. Others would say that its name was given by its enemies, because of the bad luck which would strike everyone trying to conquer it, in some long gone days. The truth lies that the country carries its name by those who made it a state – the dynasty Crnojevic. Along with the dynasty of Petrovic they have remained the founders of a modern, small but proud, country in the Mediterranean.

Montenegro is one of the oldest European states. Maybe its name, Montenegro – as it sounds in the majority of world languages, will trick you into thinking that it is a country of South America. But if you look around the European map, one will discover that Europe with its entire national, cultural, and historically – geographical diversity hides a small, but in many ways special and attractive state in it.

South of Croatia, just few hours from Dubrovnik starts Montenegro, which on its southern side will border with Albania, on the mouth of the river Bojana, on a gorgeous Ulcinj Riviera. So, on a just 60 km of the Adriatic coast you can see the picturesque Dubrovnik in Croatia, with the international airport Cilipi, and the most northern Montenegrin Adriatic town, Herceg Novi. If one knows that not far from Herceg Novi there is airport Tivat, then this is for sure the space from which you can begin your travel. With numerous tourist tours and trips, you should single out few days of your holiday for the old European town – republic Dubrovnik, and also for Herceg Novi with its VII century of existence. Extremely attractive architecture which was made under the influence of the Spanish, Venetian, French, and Austro–Hungarian design are the best enticements to visit both towns.

montenegro-coast-mapAlmost 300 km of the Montenegrin shore lies Italy, and there is regular ferry traffic towards the harbors in Bari and Ancona. If you are staying in one of those two towns, for just a few hours, you can find yourself in Bar or in Kotor, the most important Montenegrin harbors.

In the north, the border towards Serbia, massifs mountains spread which merge with those in Bosnia, Serbia and Albania.  Beside the exquisite possibilities for the development of mountain tourism, Montenegro is a very important factor in the traffic connection of the East Balkan with the warm seas.

Through the integration processes, Montenegro is becoming the full right member of the South-Eastern Association of states. Its political and strategic position and peace loving orientation make it a factor of stability in the region, and a partner for bigger and more powerful countries. As a young state, in terms of independence, in just a few months it managed to get the acceptance from the North–Atlantic International Institution, which gave hope to the goal of the Montenegro state – to preserve itself and its cultural identity, and to in a best possible way contribute, with its existence, to the progress of the entire region.

On the world tourist map Montenegro today is one of the most interesting places. If you see video clips on CNN, Euro News, or on some other well known TV station of a country where in which one can ski on the sea as well as in the mountains during the same time of year one would naturally assume that we are talking about a large country that spans across several climate and geographical zones to make the above possible. On a small territory, in the scope of only about 100 kilometers these zones merge in an unrepeatable experience for every visitor. Not far from the already mentioned Herceg Novi, on a few kilometers away Mountain Subra, almost over the entire year there is a snow cover suitable for skiing!

In only 24 yours you can experience exotic tropic plants the equivalent of Greece and alpine plants the equivalent of Switzerland. For a biologist all those 2.833 plant species and sub species will be fascinating, of which 22 can only be found in Montenegro, and nowhere else in the world.  There are also 4 national parks, one of the last rainforests, the deepest canyon in the world after Colorado, and a place called Crkvice with the highest amoun of rainfall per square meter in all of Europe: all exiting for both travelers and climate expert. This is the land of the most southern bay of glacial origin, the cleanest river in Europe, the biggest lake on the Balkans, the longest underground river in the world, and of many other interesting things. On just 0.14% of the surface of Europe, the concentration of the geographic, historical, cultural, and natural resources is such that you will come back to Montenegro all your life, to meet a new side of her again and again.

When one should present Montenegro and answer the question where is Montenegro, inescapably one has to start from her shore. Spreading across the south Italy, on the east shores of the Adriatic Sea, 293, 5 km of the Montenegrin coast offers you diversity and variety just like the rest of the state. If we start from the south, the first thing that will await us will be the 13 km long beach in Ulcinj, which is often called a Copacabana of Europe. From the north, also big beach Becici, both geography and history documents that this beach was proclaimed the most beautiful European beach as far back as 1930.

Mediterranean architecture which is characteristic for the Old town is most beautiful in Budva, Kotor, and Herceg Novi, which put Montenegro on a center of the map with valuable cultural and religious monuments.

Montenegro together with Italy is the widest part of the so called Strait of Otranto. The distance is about 200 km, so Italy was and remained the closest partner of Montenegro regarding sea trade. The connections of these two countries for sue are the strongest in this part of Europe, not only because of the fact that they are connected with the Adriatic sea, but also because of history in which Princess Jelena became the wife of Vitorio Emanuel – the future Italian King, Montenegro and Italy became closer. Since her marriage the Princess was better know as Princess Jelena of Savoy and she contributed not just to rapprochement of the dynasty homes of Italy and Montenegro, but also to connection of the people and states themselves. Somewhat older citizens of Italy speak with high regard of the Montenegrin princess, who beside the love of her own people shared the same emotion towards the Italian people.

national-park-mapThe Adriatic Sea is one of the cleanest and most crystal clear ones in the world, whose flora and fauna can be just another invitation in line of many. The Adriatic hides many secrets and memories. On several locations only this summer the existence of several antient sanken ships was discovered, so do not be surprised by the fact that in this part of the Adriatic almost every year precious amphorae, often filled with wine, then valuable monuments of passed times such as jewelry, and coins which were often a part of the piracy plunder, are brought onto the surface from the sea bottom. The town of Ulcinj for example was one of the most famous piracy centers during the passed centuries. An extreme quality of this part of the Adriatic Sea is the one that it is characterized by extremely warm currents, and a still not completely discovered riefes at its bottom, which will intrigue every fun of the underwater tourism. Montenegro is often visited by marine biologists and students, and recently Montenegro is becoming known by short movies about the underwater world of the south Adriatic. The coast is rich with olive groves, among which you will find trenches from the time of Jesus Christ. A rich fish world was and remaines the source of life of South of Montenegro.

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If you look at a map of the world try to find the center: Montenegro will be closest to that spot. Where the “6 continents merge” this country offers national parks, contrasts, and crossroads which are worth visiting. It is the place from which you can go to any European destination, but we are sure that you will never forget it. This country, even though small, always attracted attention and the sympathies of the great. It was painted and described by Tennyson, Gladstone, Byron, Jaroslav Chermak, Evlija Celebija and many other great people which unanimously gave, across the span of many centuries, a portrait of a small, but proud country. Through Montenegro friends have always traveled feely to their destinations but, as Njegos once replied to a foreign army commander, for the enemy that road was much longer and harder. Europe is a mosaic of nations and cultures, and Montenegro is a Europe in small. Even today it offers its unreachable cozy nooks to the one who dares and to the one who is curious. In the land of poets and warriors a friend is always welcome, so all the good intentioned visitors Montenegro is awaiting with doors wide open and wishes you to meet it and in that way become and remain a part of it.

Montenegro – Breathtaking Beauty!

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Adapted from: https://www.visit-montenegro.com