Bucharest is the capital of Romania, and it is the most important economic and cultural center. In the city itself and the suburbs live more than 1.8 million people. This is one of the most populated cities in the Balkans.
Bucharest was firstly mentioned by historians in the documents of Vlad III – the Impaler, dated back to the year 1459. The prince of Wallachia built a fortress on the place of the modern city to protect Wallachia from Turks. In two centuries, Bucharest has become one of the main cities of Wallachia, but the status of capital it finally received in the period of a regiment of Constantin Brâncoveanu, who was Prince of Wallachia between 1688 and 1714.
Bucharest was proclaimed a capital of Romania in 1862
Bucharest has been built in the French style of Beaux-Arts before the World War II. His wide boulevards and buildings remind every visitor of the capital of France in its style and architecture.
Nowadays, Bucharest is a modern Romanian city that attracts thousands of tourists from the entire World. It is located on the banks of the Dâmbovița River, a tributary of the Danube. The territory of the city is incised by several lakes located primarily in the northern part of the country: Lake Herăstrău, Lake Floreasca, Lake Tei, and Lake Colentina. There is also one more lake in the center of the capital – Lake Cișmigiu; it is the smallest, surrounded by the Cișmigiu Gardens.
Cișmigiu Gardens have a special significance for the city. The Gardens have a rich history and have been anthemed by numerous poets and writers, local and international ones. Opened in 1847 and based on the plans of German architect, Carl F.W. Meyer, the gardens are the main recreational facility in the city center.
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